The pedagogical tool The Night of Broken Glass – Kristallnacht accompanies the short documentary produced by the Montreal Holocaust Museum. Students will learn about the pogrom known as the Night of Broken Glass, which took place on November 9 and 10, 1938.

Kristallnacht is an important historical event that marked an intensification in the persecution of Jews and the destruction of 267 synagogues. Jewish businesses, community centres and homes were also looted and destroyed. The accompanying film presents the stories of four Holocaust survivors who witnessed the events of Kristallnacht.

With the guidance of discussion questions, students will reflect on the consequences of these violent antisemitic acts.

Curriculum links

  • Construct understanding of citizenship through the study of history
  • Demonstrate an understanding of religious phenomena
  • Understand and be accepting of diversity

Download the pedagogical guide The Night of Broken Glass – Kristallnacht

The pedagogical activity The Night of Broken Glass – Kristallnacht is available online free of charge. Click on the download links at the bottom of this page to get the activity. There only is a version for the province of Quebec at the moment.

This photograph shows a Jewish storefront that was vandalised during Kristallnacht. People are looking inside the broken window under the name “D. Lichtenstein”.
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This photograph shows a Jewish storefront that was vandalised during Kristallnacht. People are looking inside the broken window under the name “D. Lichtenstein”.

These photographs were taken on November 11, 1938 in Magdeburg, Germany.
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These photographs were taken on November 11, 1938 in Magdeburg, Germany.

Kristallnacht or the “Night of broken glass” is the violent antisemitic pogrom of November 9-10, 1938. The name refers to the broken glass of Jewish stores and synagogues vandalised and burned during that night.
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Kristallnacht or the “Night of broken glass” is the violent antisemitic pogrom of November 9-10, 1938. The name refers to the broken glass of Jewish stores and synagogues vandalised and burned during that night.

Learn more about antisemitism and the history of the Holocaust

Enrich your lessons about the Night of Broken Glass and other antisemitic pogroms by using survivor testimony. On our website page Survivors’ Stories, select the following themes: Early Persecutions and Pogrom. Your class can also study a photograph taken after Kristallnacht. To learn more about the Holocaust and antisemitism, read the reference guide A Brief History of the Holocaust.

Download the Educational Program

Elementary 3rd Cycle – Geography, History and Citizenship Education; Secondary – Ethics and Religious Culture, Contemporary World

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